Lista över Nobelpristagare



Lista över Nobelpristagare.



Nobelprisen delas ut årligen av Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien, Svenska Akademien, Karolinska institutet och Norska Nobelkommittén till individer och organisationer som på ett utstående sätt bidrar inom kemi, fysik, litteratur, fred och fysiologi eller medicin. Prisen etablerades genom Alfred Nobels testamente från 1895 som dikterar att prisen skall administreras av Nobelstiftelsen. Ett annat pris, i ekonomi, etablerades 1968 av Sveriges Riksbank, Sveriges centralbank, för bidragare inom ekonomi.
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SNo,r,Fysik,Kemi,Fysiologi,Litteratur,Fred,Ekonomi,,,,eller medicin,,,1,1901,Wilhelm Conrad Rntgen,Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff,Emil von Behring,Sully Prudhomme,Henry Dunant;,,,,,,,Frdric Passy,2,1902,Hendrik Lorentz;,Hermann Emil Fischer,Ronald Ross,Theodor Mommsen,lie Ducommun;,,,Pieter Zeeman,,,,Albert Gobat,3,1903,Henri Becquerel;,Svante Arrhenius,Niels Ryberg Finsen,Bjrnstjerne Bjrnson,Randal Cremer,,,Pierre Curie;,,,,,,,Marie Curie,,,,,4,1904,Lord Rayleigh,William Ramsay,Ivan Petrovich Pavlov,Frdric Mistral;,Institut de droit international,,,,,,Jos Echegaray,,5,1905,Philipp Lenard,Adolf von Baeyer,Robert Koch,Henryk Sienkiewicz,Bertha von Suttner,6,1906,J. J. Thomson,Henri Moissan,Camillo Golgi;,Giosu Carducci,Theodore Roosevelt,,,,,Santiago Ramn y Cajal,,,7,1907,Albert A. Michelson,Eduard Buchner,Alphonse Laveran,Rudyard Kipling,Ernesto Moneta;,,,,,,,Louis Renault,8,1908,Gabriel Lippmann,Ernest Rutherford,Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov;,Rudolf Christoph Eucken,Klas Pontus Arnoldson;,,,,,Paul Ehrlich,,Fredrik Bajer,9,1909,Ferdinand Braun;,Wilhelm Ostwald,Theodor Kocher,Selma Lagerlf,Auguste Beernaert;,,,Guglielmo Marconi,,,,Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant,10,1910,Johannes Diderik van der Waals,Otto Wallach,Albrecht Kossel,Paul Heyse,International Peace Bureau,11,1911,Wilhelm Wien,Marie Curie,Allvar Gullstrand,Maurice Maeterlinck,Tobias Michael Carel Asser;,,,,,,,Alfred Fried,12,1912,Gustaf Daln,Victor Grignard;,Alexis Carrel,Gerhart Hauptmann,Elihu Root,,,,Paul Sabatier,,,,13,1913,Heike Kamerlingh Onnes,Alfred Werner,Charles Richet,Rabindranath Tagore,Henri La Fontaine,14,1914,Max von Laue,Theodore William Richards,Robert Brny,,,15,1915,William Henry Bragg;,Richard Willsttter,,Romain Rolland,,,,William Lawrence Bragg,,,,,16,1916,,,,Verner von Heidenstam,,17,1917,Charles Glover Barkla,,,Karl Adolph Gjellerup;,Internationella Rdakorskommittn,,,,,,Henrik Pontoppidan,,18,1918,Max Planck,Fritz Haber,,,,19,1919,Johannes Stark,,Jules Bordet,Carl Spitteler,Woodrow Wilson,20,1920,Charles Edouard Guillaume,Walther Nernst,August Krogh,Knut Hamsun,Lon Bourgeois,21,1921,Albert Einstein,Frederick Soddy,,Anatole France,Hjalmar Branting;,,,,,,,Christian Lous Lange,22,1922,Niels Bohr,Francis William Aston,Archibald Hill;,Jacinto Benavente,Fridtjof Nansen,,,,,Otto Meyerhof,,,23,1923,Robert A. Millikan,Fritz Pregl,Frederick Banting;,William Butler Yeats,,,,,,John Macleod,,,24,1924,Manne Siegbahn,,Willem Einthoven,W?adys?aw Reymont,,25,1925,James Franck;,Richard Zsigmondy,,George Bernard Shaw,Austen Chamberlain;,,,Gustav Hertz,,,,Charles G. Dawes,26,1926,Jean Baptiste Perrin,Theodor Svedberg,Johannes Fibiger,Grazia Deledda,Aristide Briand;,,,,,,,Gustav Stresemann,27,1927,Arthur H. Compton;,Heinrich Otto Wieland,Julius Wagner-Jauregg,Henri Bergson,Ferdinand Buisson;,,,Charles Thomson Rees Wilson,,,,Ludwig Quidde,28,1928,Owen Willans Richardson,Adolf Windaus,Charles Nicolle,Sigrid Undset,,29,1929,Louis de Broglie,Arthur Harden;,Christiaan Eijkman;,Thomas Mann,Frank B. Kellogg,,,,Hans von Euler-Chelpin,Frederick Hopkins,,,30,1930,Venkata Raman,Hans Fischer,Karl Landsteiner,Sinclair Lewis,Nathan Sderblom,31,1931,,Carl Bosch;,Otto Heinrich Warburg,Erik Axel Karlfeldt,Jane Addams;,,,,Friedrich Bergius,,,Nicholas Murray Butler,32,1932,Werner Heisenberg,Irving Langmuir,Charles Scott Sherrington;,John Galsworthy,,,,,,Edgar Adrian,,,33,1933,Erwin Schrdinger;,,Thomas Hunt Morgan,Ivan Bunin,Norman Angell,,,Paul Dirac,,,,,34,1934,,Harold Clayton Urey,George Whipple;,Luigi Pirandello,Arthur Henderson,,,,,George Minot;,,,,,,,William P. Murphy,,,35,1935,James Chadwick,Frdric Joliot-Curie;,Hans Spemann,,Carl von Ossietzky,,,,Irne Joliot-Curie,,,,36,1936,Victor F. Hess;,Peter Debye,Henry Hallett Dale;,Eugene O'Neill,Carlos Saavedra Lamas,,,Carl D. Anderson,,Otto Loewi,,,37,1937,Clinton Davisson;,Walter Haworth;,Albert Szent-Gyrgyi,Roger Martin du Gard,"Cecil av Chelwood, Viscount",,,George Paget Thomson,Paul Karrer,,,,38,1938,Enrico Fermi,Richard Kuhn,Corneille Heymans,Pearl S. Buck,Nansen International Office For Refugees,39,1939,Ernest Lawrence,Adolf Butenandt;,Gerhard Domagk,Frans Eemil Sillanp,,,,,Lavoslav Rui?ka,,,,40,1940,,,,,,41,1941,,,,,,42,1942,,,,,,43,1943,Otto Stern,George de Hevesy,Henrik Dam;,,,,,,,Edward A. Doisy,,,44,1944,Isidor Isaac Rabi,Otto Hahn,Joseph Erlanger;,Johannes Vilhelm Jensen,Internationella Rdakorskommittn,,,,,Herbert Spencer Gasser,,,45,1945,Wolfgang Pauli,Artturi Ilmari Virtanen,Alexander Fleming;,Gabriela Mistral,Cordell Hull,,,,,Ernst Boris Chain;,,,,,,,Howard Walter Florey,,,46,1946,Percy W. Bridgman,James Sumner;,Hermann Joseph Muller,Hermann Hesse,Emily Greene Balch;,,,,John Northrop;,,,John Mott,,,,Wendell Stanley,,,,47,1947,Edward Appleton,Robert Robinson,Carl Ferdinand Cori;,Andr Gide,Friends Service Council;,,,,,Gerty Cori;,,American Friends Service Committee,,,,,Bernardo Alberto Houssay,,,48,1948,Patrick M.S. Blackett,Arne Tiselius,Paul Hermann Mller,T. S. Eliot,,49,1949,Hideki Yukawa,William Giauque,Walter Hess;,William Faulkner,John Boyd Orr,,,,,Egas Moniz,,,50,1950,Cecil Powell,Otto Diels;,Philip Showalter Hench;,Bertrand Russell,Ralph Bunche,,,,Kurt Alder,Edward C. Kendall;,,,,,,,Tadeus Reichstein,,,51,1951,John Cockcroft;,Edwin McMillan;,Max Theiler,Pr Lagerkvist,Lon Jouhaux,,,Ernest Walton,Glenn T. Seaborg,,,,52,1952,Felix Bloch;,Archer Martin;,Selman Waksman,Franois Mauriac,Albert Schweitzer,,,Edward M. Purcell,Richard Laurence Millington Synge,,,,53,1953,Frits Zernike,Hermann Staudinger,Hans Adolf Krebs;,Winston Churchill,George Marshall,,,,,Fritz Albert Lipmann,,,54,1954,Max Born;,Linus Pauling,John Franklin Enders;,Ernest Hemingway,United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,,,Walther Bothe,,Frederick C. Robbins;,,,,,,,Thomas H. Weller,,,55,1955,Willis E. Lamb;,Vincent du Vigneaud,Hugo Theorell,Halldr Laxness,,,,Polykarp Kusch,,,,,56,1956,John Bardeen;,Cyril Norman Hinshelwood;,Andr F. Cournand;,Juan Ramn Jimnez,,,,Walter H. Brattain;,Nikolaj Semjonov,Werner Forssmann;,,,,,William B. Shockley,,Dickinson W. Richards,,,57,1957,Chen Ning Yang;,Alexander Robertus Todd,Daniel Bovet,Albert Camus,Lester B. Pearson,,,Tsung-Dao Lee,,,,,58,1958,Pavel Tjerenkov;,Frederick Sanger,George Wells Beadle;,Boris Pasternak,Georges Pire,,,Ilja M. Frank;,,Edward Lawrie Tatum;,,,,,Igor Y. Tamm,,Joshua Lederberg,,,59,1959,Emilio Segr;,Jaroslav Heyrovsk,Arthur Kornberg;,Salvatore Quasimodo,Philip J. Noel-Baker,,,Owen Chamberlain,,Severo Ochoa,,,60,1960,Donald A. Glaser,Willard Libby,Frank Macfarlane Burnet;,Saint-John Perse,Albert Lutuli,,,,,Peter Medawar,,,61,1961,Robert Hofstadter;,Melvin Calvin,Georg von Bksy,Ivo Andri?,Dag Hammarskjld,,,Rudolf Mssbauer,,,,,62,1962,Lev Landau,Max Perutz;,Francis Crick;,John Steinbeck,Linus Pauling,,,,John Kendrew,James D. Watson;,,,,,,,Maurice Wilkins,,,63,1963,Eugene Wigner;,Karl Ziegler;,John Carew Eccles;,Giorgos Seferis,Internationella Rdakorskommittn;,,,Maria Goeppert-Mayer;,Giulio Natta,Alan Lloyd Hodgkin;,,IFRC,,,J. Hans D. Jensen,,Andrew Huxley,,,64,1964,Charles H. Townes;,Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin,Konrad Emil Bloch;,Jean-Paul Sartre,"Martin Luther King, Jr.",,,Nicolay G. Basov;,,Feodor Lynen,,,,,Aleksandr M. Prokhorov,,,,,65,1965,Sin-Itiro Tomonaga;,Robert Burns Woodward,Franois Jacob;,Michail Sjolochov,UNICEF,,,Julian Schwinger;,,Andr Lwoff;,,,,,Richard P. Feynman,,Jacques Monod,,,66,1966,Alfred Kastler,Robert S. Mulliken,Francis Peyton Rous;,Shmuel Yosef Agnon;,,,,,,Charles B. Huggins,Nelly Sachs,,67,1967,Hans Bethe,Manfred Eigen;,Ragnar Granit;,Miguel ngel Asturias,,,,,Ronald George Wreyford Norrish;,Haldan Keffer Hartline;,,,,,,George Porter,George Wald,,,68,1968,Luis Alvarez,Lars Onsager,Robert W. Holley;,Yasunari Kawabata,Ren Cassin,,,,,Har Gobind Khorana;,,,,,,,Marshall Warren Nirenberg,,,69,1969,Murray Gell-Mann,Derek Barton;,Max Delbrck;,Samuel Beckett,International Labour Organization,Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch;,,,Odd Hassel,Alfred Hershey;,,,Jan Tinbergen,,,,Salvador E. Luria,,,70,1970,Hannes Alfvn;,Luis Federico Leloir,Julius Axelrod;,Aleksandr Solzjenitsyn,Norman Borlaug,Paul Samuelson,,Louis Nel,,Ulf von Euler;,,,,,,,Bernard Katz,,,71,1971,Dennis Gabor,Gerhard Herzberg,Earl W. Sutherland Jr.,Pablo Neruda,Willy Brandt,Simon Kuznets72,1972,John Bardeen;,Christian Anfinsen;,Gerald Edelman;,Heinrich Bll,,John Hicks;,,Leon Neil Cooper;,Stanford Moore;,Rodney Robert Porter,,,Kenneth Arrow,,Robert Schrieffer,William Stein,,,,73,1973,Leo Esaki;,Ernst Otto Fischer;,Karl von Frisch;,Patrick White,Henry Kissinger;,Wassily Leontief,,Ivar Giaever;,Geoffrey Wilkinson,Konrad Lorenz;,,L ?c Th?,,,Brian D. Josephson,,Nikolaas Tinbergen,,,74,1974,Martin Ryle;,Paul Flory,Albert Claude;,Eyvind Johnson;,Sen MacBride;,Gunnar Myrdal;,,Antony Hewish,,Christian de Duve;,Harry Martinson,Eisaku Sato,Friedrich Hayek,,,,George Emil Palade,,,75,1975,Aage Bohr;,John Cornforth;,David Baltimore;,Eugenio Montale,Andrei Sakharov,Leonid Kantorovich;,,Ben R. Mottelson;,Vladimir Prelog,Renato Dulbecco;,,,Tjalling Koopmans,,James Rainwater,,Howard M. Temin,,,76,1976,Burton Richter;,William Lipscomb,Baruch S. Blumberg;,Saul Bellow,Betty Williams;,Milton Friedman,,Samuel C.C. Ting,,Daniel Carleton Gajdusek,,Mairead Corrigan,77,1977,Philip W. Anderson;,Ilya Prigogine,Roger Guillemin;,Vicente Aleixandre,Amnesty International,Bertil Ohlin;,,Sir Nevill F. Mott;,,Andrew Schally;,,,James Meade,,John H. van Vleck,,Rosalyn Sussman Yalow,,,78,1978,Pyotr Kapitsa;,Peter Mitchell,Werner Arber;,Isaac Bashevis Singer,Anwar Sadat;,Herbert Simon,,Arno Penzias;,,Daniel Nathans;,,Menachem Begin,,,Robert Woodrow Wilson,,Hamilton O. Smith,,,79,1979,Sheldon Glashow;,Herbert C. Brown;,Allan McLeod Cormack;,Odysseas Elytis,Moder Teresa,Theodore Schultz;,,Abdus Salam;,Georg Wittig,Godfrey N. Hounsfield,,,William Arthur Lewis,,Steven Weinberg,,,,,80,1980,James Cronin;,Paul Berg;,Baruj Benacerraf;,Czes?aw Mi?osz,Adolfo Prez Esquivel,Lawrence Klein,,Val Fitch,Walter Gilbert;,Jean Dausset;,,,,,,Frederick Sanger,George Davis Snell,,,81,1981,Nicolaas Bloembergen;,Kenichi Fukui;,Roger W. Sperry;,Elias Canetti,United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,James Tobin,,Arthur L. Schawlow;,Roald Hoffmann,David H. Hubel;,,,,,Kai M. Siegbahn,,Torsten N. Wiesel,,,82,1982,Kenneth G. Wilson,Aaron Klug,Sune Bergstrm;,Gabriel Garca Mrquez,Alva Myrdal;,George Stigler,,,,Bengt Samuelsson;,,Alfonso Garca Robles,,,,,John R. Vane,,,83,1983,Subramanyan Chandrasekhar;,Henry Taube,Barbara McClintock,William Golding,Lech Wa??sa,Gerard Debreu,,William A. Fowler,,,,,84,1984,Carlo Rubbia;,Robert Bruce Merrifield,Niels Kaj Jerne;,Jaroslav Seifert,Desmond Tutu,Richard Stone,,Simon van der Meer,,Georges J.F. Khler;,,,,,,,Csar Milstein,,,85,1985,Klaus von Klitzing,Herbert A. Hauptman;,Michael Stuart Brown;,Claude Simon,International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War,Franco Modigliani,,,Jerome Karle,Joseph L. Goldstein,,,86,1986,Ernst Ruska;,Dudley R. Herschbach;,Stanley Cohen;,Wole Soyinka,Elie Wiesel,James M. Buchanan,,Gerd Binnig;,Yuan T. Lee;,Rita Levi-Montalcini,,,,,Heinrich Rohrer,John C. Polanyi,,,,87,1987,J. Georg Bednorz;,Donald J. Cram;,Susumu Tonegawa,Joseph Brodsky,scar Arias,Robert Solow,,K. Alex Mller,Jean-Marie Lehn;,,,,,,,Charles J. Pedersen,,,,88,1988,Leon M. Lederman;,Johann Deisenhofer;,James W. Black;,Naguib Mahfouz,FN:s fredsbevarande styrkor,Maurice Allais,,Melvin Schwartz;,Robert Huber;,Gertrude B. Elion;,,,,,Jack Steinberger,Hartmut Michel,George H. Hitchings,,,89,1989,Norman F. Ramsey;,Sidney Altman;,J. Michael Bishop;,Camilo Jos Cela,"Tenzin Gyatso, den fjortonde Dalai Lama",Trygve Haavelmo,,Hans G. Dehmelt;,Thomas Cech,Harold E. Varmus,,,,,Wolfgang Paul,,,,,90,1990,Jerome I. Friedman;,Elias James Corey,Joseph E. Murray;,Octavio Paz,Michail Gorbatjov,Harry Markowitz;,,Henry W. Kendall;,,Edward Donnall Thomas,,,Merton Miller;,,Richard E. Taylor,,,,,William Forsyth Sharpe91,1991,Pierre-Gilles de Gennes,Richard R. Ernst,Erwin Neher;,Nadine Gordimer,Aung San Suu Kyi,Ronald Coase,,,,Bert Sakmann,,,92,1992,Georges Charpak,Rudolph A. Marcus,Edmond H. Fischer;,Derek Walcott,Rigoberta Mench,Gary Becker,,,,Edwin G. Krebs,,,93,1993,Russell A. Hulse;,Kary Mullis;,Richard J. Roberts;,Toni Morrison,Nelson Mandela;,Robert Fogel;,,Joseph Taylor,Michael Smith,Phillip Allen Sharp,,Frederik Willem de Klerk,Douglass North94,1994,Bertram N. Brockhouse;,George A. Olah,Alfred G. Gilman;,Kenzaburo Oe,Yasser Arafat;,John Harsanyi;,,Clifford G. Shull,,Martin Rodbell,,Shimon Peres;,John Forbes Nash;,,,,,,Yitzhak Rabin,Reinhard Selten95,1995,Martin L. Perl;,Paul J. Crutzen;,Edward B. Lewis;,Seamus Heaney,Joseph Rotblat;,"Robert Lucas, Jr.",,Frederick Reines,Mario J. Molina;,Christiane Nsslein-Volhard;,,Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs,,,,Frank Sherwood Rowland,Eric F. Wieschaus,,,96,1996,David M. Lee;,Robert F. Curl Jr.;,Peter C. Doherty;,Wis?awa Szymborska,Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo;,James Mirrlees;,,Douglas D. Osheroff;,Harold Kroto;,Rolf M. Zinkernagel,,Jos Ramos-Horta,William Vickrey,,Robert C. Richardson,Richard Smalley,,,,97,1997,Steven Chu;,Paul D. Boyer;,Stanley B. Prusiner,Dario Fo,International Campaign to Ban Landmines;,Robert C. Merton;,,Claude Cohen-Tannoudji;,John E. Walker;,,,Jody Williams,Myron Scholes,,William D. Phillips,Jens Christian Skou,,,,98,1998,Robert B. Laughlin;,Walter Kohn;,Robert F. Furchgott;,Jos Saramago,John Hume;,Amartya Sen,,Horst L. Strmer;,John Pople,Louis J. Ignarro;,,David Trimble,,,Daniel C. Tsui,,Ferid Murad,,,99,1999,Gerardus 't Hooft;,Ahmed Zewail,Gnter Blobel,Gnter Grass,Mdecins Sans Frontires,Robert Mundell,,Martinus J.G. Veltman,,,,,100,2000,Zhores I. Alferov;,Alan Heeger;,Arvid Carlsson;,Gao Xingjian,Kim Dae Jung,James Heckman;,,Herbert Kroemer;,Alan MacDiarmid;,Paul Greengard;,,,Daniel McFadden,,Jack Kilby,Hideki Shirakawa,Eric Kandel,,,101,2001,Eric A. Cornell;,William S. Knowles;,Leland H. Hartwell;,V. S. Naipaul,United Nations;,George Akerlof;,,Wolfgang Ketterle;,Ryoji Noyori;,Tim Hunt;,,Kofi Annan,Michael Spence;,,Carl E. Wieman,Karl Barry Sharpless,Paul Nurse,,,Joseph E. Stiglitz102,2002,Raymond Davis Jr.;,John Fenn;,Sydney Brenner;,Imre Kertsz,Jimmy Carter,Daniel Kahneman;,,Masatoshi Koshiba;,Koichi Tanaka;,H. Robert Horvitz;,,,Vernon L. Smith,,Riccardo Giacconi,Kurt Wthrich,John E. Sulston,,,103,2003,Alexei A. Abrikosov;,Peter Agre;,Paul Lauterbur;,J. M. Coetzee,Shirin Ebadi,Robert F. Engle;,,Vitaly L. Ginzburg;,Roderick MacKinnon,Peter Mansfield,,,Clive Granger,,Anthony J. Leggett,,,,,104,2004,David J. Gross;,Aaron Ciechanover;,Richard Axel;,Elfriede Jelinek,Wangari Maathai,Finn E. Kydland;,,H. David Politzer;,Avram Hershko;,Linda B. Buck,,,Edward C. Prescott,,Frank Wilczek,Irwin Rose,,,,105,2005,Roy J. Glauber;,Yves Chauvin;,Barry Marshall;,Harold Pinter,International Atomic Energy Agency;,Robert Aumann;,,John L. Hall;,Robert H. Grubbs;,Robin Warren,,Mohamed ElBaradei,Thomas Schelling,,Theodor W. Hnsch,Richard R. Schrock,,,,106,2006,John C. Mather;,Roger D. Kornberg,Andrew Fire;,Orhan Pamuk,Muhammad Yunus;,Edmund Phelps,,George F. Smoot,,Craig Mello,,Grameen Bank,107,2007,Albert Fert;,Gerhard Ertl,Mario Capecchi;,Doris Lessing,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change;,Leonid Hurwicz;,,Peter Grnberg,,Martin Evans;,,Al Gore,Eric Maskin;,,,,Oliver Smithies,,,Roger Myerson108,2008,Yoichiro Nambu;,Osamu Shimomura;,Harald zur Hausen;,Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clzio,Martti Ahtisaari,Paul Krugman,,Makoto Kobayashi;,Martin Chalfie;,Franoise Barr-Sinoussi;,,,,,Toshihide Maskawa,Roger Y. Tsien,Luc Montagnier,,,109,2009,Charles K. Kao;,Venkatraman Ramakrishnan;,Elizabeth Blackburn;,Herta Mller,Barack Obama,Elinor Ostrom;,,Willard S. Boyle;,Thomas A. Steitz;,Carol W. Greider;,,,Oliver E. Williamson,,George E. Smith,Ada E. Yonath,Jack W. Szostak,,,110,2010,Andre Geim;,Richard F. Heck;,Robert Edwards,Mario Vargas Llosa,Liu Xiaobo,Peter A. Diamond;,,Konstantin Novoselov,Ei-ichi Negishi;,,,,Dale T. Mortensen;,,,Akira Suzuki,,,,Christopher A. Pissarides111,2011,Saul Perlmutter;,Dan Shechtman,Bruce Beutler;,Tomas Transtrmer,Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf;,Christopher A. Sims;,,Brian Schmidt;,,Jules Hoffmann;,,Leymah Gbowee;,Thomas J. Sargent,,Adam Riess,,Ralph Steinman,,Tawakkul Karman,112,2012,Serge Haroche;,Robert J. Lefkowitz;,John B. Gurdon;,Mo Yan,Europeiska unionen,Alvin E. Roth;,,David J. Wineland,Brian K. Kobilka,Shinya Yamanaka,,,Lloyd S. Shapley113,2013,Franois Englert;,Martin Karplus;,James Rothman;,Alice Munro,Organisationen fr frbud mot kemiska vapen,Eugene Fama;,,Peter Higgs,Michael Levitt;,Randy Schekman;,,,Lars Peter Hansen;,,,Arieh Warshel,Thomas Sdhof,,,Robert J. Shiller,,,,,,,Fr andra format besk : www.downloadexcelfiles.com,,,,,,,,,,,,,,Ursprunglig klla,,,,,,,