قائمة الحائزين على جائزة نوبل



قائمة الحائزين على جائزة نوبل



التعديلات المعلقة معروضة في هذه الصفحة غير مفحوصة تمنُح جوائز نوبل (بالسويدية: Nobelpriset، وبالنرويجية: Nobelprisen) كل عام من قبل الأكاديمية الملكية السويدية للعلوم والأكاديمية السويدية ومعهد كارولنسكا ولجنة نوبل النرويجية، وذلك للأفراد والمنظمات ذوي الإسهامات البارزة في مجالات الكيمياء والفيزياء والأدب والسلام والفسيولوجيا أو الطب. وقد تأسست هذه الجائزة العريقة بناء على الوصية التي تركها ألفريد نوبل في سنة 1895، وفيها أوصى بأن تكون مؤسسة نوبل هي المانحة لهذه الجوائز. وقد أنشئت لاحقاً جائزة أخرى، وهو جائزة نوبل في العلوم الاقتصادية، في عام 1968، ويمنحها البنك المركزي في السويد، وهو بنك سفيرجيس ريكسبانك، لمن يقدموا إسهامات بارزة في مجال العلوم الاقتصادية. ويتولى منح كل نوع من جوائز نوبل لجنة منفصلة؛ حيث تتولى الأكاديمية الملكية السويدية للعلوم منح الجوائز في مجالات الفيزياء والكيمياء والاقتصاد، فيما يمنح معهد كارولنسكا جوائز نوبل في الفسيولوجيا أو الطب، أما جائزة نوبل في السلام فتمنحها لجنة نوبل النرويجية. ويتسلم كل فائز ميدالية وشهادة وجائزة مالية تتفاوت قيمتها من سنة لأخرى. وفي عام 1901، حصل أول الفائزون بجوائز نوبل على جائزة مالية قدرها 150.782 كرونة سويدية، وهي تساوي 7.731.004 كرونة سويدية في ديسمبر 2007. وفي عام 2008، بلغت قيمة الجائزة 10 مليون كرونة. وتُمنح جوائز نوبل في استوكهولم في احتفالية سنوية تقام في يوم العاشر من ديسمبر، وهو اليوم الذي يشهد ذكرى وفاة ألفريد نوبل.
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