Lista laureatów Nagrody Nobla



Lista laureatów Nagrody Nobla.



Lista laureatów Nagrody Nobla obejmuje osoby i organizacje uhonorowane Nagrodą Nobla, uznawaną za najbardziej prestiżowe wyróżnienie za wybitne osiągnięcia naukowe, literackie lub zasługi dla społeczeństw i ludzkości, ustanowioną w testamencie fundatora, szwedzkiego przemysłowca i wynalazcy dynamitu – Alfreda Nobla. Nagroda ta przyznawana jest za osiągnięcia w czterech dziedzinach naukowych: fizyce, chemii, fizjologii lub medycynie i literaturze. Ponadto przyznawana jest również Pokojowa Nagroda Nobla za wysiłki na rzecz światowego pokoju. Każdy z laureatów otrzymuje złoty medal oraz dyplom, ponadto między wyróżnionych w jednej dziedzinie w danym roku rozdzielana jest nagroda pieniężna (na rok 2013 Fundacja Nobla przewidziała 8 mln SEK jako wartość pełnej nagrody). Nagrody w dziedzinie fizyki i chemii przyznaje Królewska Szwedzka Akademia Nauk, w dziedzinie fizjologii lub medycyny – Zgromadzenie Noblowskie przy Instytucie Karolinska, w dziedzinie literatury Akademia Szwedzka.
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SNo,Rok,Fizyka,Chemia,Fizjologia,Literatura,Pokojowa,Ekonomia,,,,lub medycyna,,,1,1901,Wilhelm Conrad Rntgen,Jacobus van 't Hoff,Emil Adolf von Behring,Sully Prudhomme,"Henri Dunant,",,,,,,,Frdric Passy,2,1902,"Hendrik Lorentz,",Hermann Emil Fischer,Ronald Ross,Theodor Mommsen,"lie Ducommun,",,,Pieter Zeeman,,,,Charles-Albert Gobat,3,1903,"Henri Becquerel,",Svante Arrhenius,Niels Ryberg Finsen,Bjrnstjerne Bjrnson,William Randal Cremer,,,"Pierre Curie,",,,,,,,Maria Sk?odowska-Curie,,,,,4,1904,John William Strutt,William Ramsay,Iwan Pietrowicz Paw?ow,"Frdric Mistral,",Instytut Prawa Mi?dzynarodowego,,,,,,Jos Echegaray y Eizaguirre,,5,1905,Philipp Lenard,Adolf von Baeyer,Robert Koch,Henryk Sienkiewicz,Bertha von Suttner,6,1906,Joseph John Thomson,Henri Moissan,"Camillo Golgi,",Giosu Carducci,Theodore Roosevelt,,,,,Santiago Ramn y Cajal,,,7,1907,Albert Abraham Michelson,Eduard Buchner,Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran,Rudyard Kipling,"Ernesto Teodoro Moneta,",,,,,,,Louis Renault,8,1908,Gabriel Lippmann,Ernest Rutherford,"Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov,",Rudolf Christoph Eucken,"Klas Pontus Arnoldson,",,,,,Paul Ehrlich,,Fredrik Bajer,9,1909,"Karl Ferdinand Braun,",Wilhelm Ostwald,Emil Theodor Kocher,Selma Lagerlf,"Auguste-Marie-Franois Beernaert,",,,Guglielmo Marconi,,,,Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant,10,1910,Johannes Diderik van der Waals,Otto Wallach,Albrecht Kossel,Paul Heyse,Mi?dzynarodowe Sta?e Biuro Pokoju,11,1911,Wilhelm Wien,Maria Sk?odowska-Curie,Allvar Gullstrand,Maurice Maeterlinck,"Tobias Michael Carel Asser,",,,,,,,Alfred Hermann Fried,12,1912,Nils Gustaf Daln,"Victor Grignard,",Alexis Carrel,Gerhart Hauptmann,Elihu Root,,,,Paul Sabatier,,,,13,1913,Heike Kamerlingh Onnes,Alfred Werner,Charles Robert Richet,Rabindranath Tagore,Henri La Fontaine,14,1914,Max von Laue,Theodore William Richards,Robert Brny,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,15,1915,"William Henry Bragg,",Richard Martin Willsttter,nie przyznano,Romain Rolland,nie przyznano,,,William Lawrence Bragg,,,,,16,1916,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,Verner von Heidenstam,nie przyznano,17,1917,Charles Glover Barkla,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,"Karl Adolph Gjellerup,",Mi?dzynarodowy Komitet Czerwonego Krzy?a,,,,,,Henrik Pontoppidan,,18,1918,Max Planck,Fritz Haber,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,19,1919,Johannes Stark,nie przyznano,Jules Bordet,Carl Spitteler,Woodrow Wilson,20,1920,Charles Edouard Guillaume,Walther Nernst,August Krogh,Knut Hamsun,Lon Bourgeois,21,1921,Albert Einstein,Frederick Soddy,nie przyznano,Anatole France,"Hjalmar Branting,",,,,,,,Christian Lous Lange,22,1922,Niels Bohr,Francis William Aston,"Archibald Vivian Hill,",Jacinto Benavente,Fridtjof Nansen,,,,,Otto Fritz Meyerhof,,,23,1923,Robert Andrews Millikan,Fritz Pregl,"Frederick Banting,",William Butler Yeats,nie przyznano,,,,,John James Richard Macleod,,,24,1924,Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn,nie przyznano,Willem Einthoven,W?adys?aw Reymont,nie przyznano,25,1925,"James Franck,",Richard Adolf Zsigmondy,nie przyznano,George Bernard Shaw,"Austen Chamberlain,",,,Gustav Ludwig Hertz,,,,Charles Gates Dawes,26,1926,Jean Baptiste Perrin,Theodor Svedberg,Johannes Fibiger,Grazia Deledda,"Aristide Briand,",,,,,,,Gustav Stresemann,27,1927,"Arthur Compton,",Heinrich Otto Wieland,Julius Wagner-Jauregg,Henri Bergson,"Ferdinand Buisson,",,,Charles Thomson Rees Wilson,,,,Ludwig Quidde,28,1928,Owen Willans Richardson,Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus,Charles Nicolle,Sigrid Undset,nie przyznano,29,1929,Louis de Broglie,"Arthur Harden,","Christiaan Eijkman,",Thomas Mann,Frank Billings Kellogg,,,,Hans von Euler-Chelpin,Frederick Hopkins,,,30,1930,Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman,Hans Fischer,Karl Landsteiner,Sinclair Lewis,Nathan Sderblom,31,1931,nie przyznano,"Carl Bosch,",Otto Heinrich Warburg,Erik Axel Karlfeldt,"Jane Addams,",,,,Friedrich Bergius,,,Nicholas Murray Butler,32,1932,Werner Heisenberg,Irving Langmuir,"Charles Sherrington,",John Galsworthy,nie przyznano,,,,,Edgar Douglas Adrian,,,33,1933,"Erwin Schrdinger,",nie przyznano,Thomas Hunt Morgan,Iwan Bunin,Norman Angell,,,Paul Dirac,,,,,34,1934,nie przyznano,Harold Clayton Urey,"George Whipple,",Luigi Pirandello,Arthur Henderson,,,,,"George Minot,",,,,,,,William Parry Murphy,,,35,1935,James Chadwick,"Frdric Joliot-Curie,",Hans Spemann,nie przyznano,Carl von Ossietzky,,,,Irne Joliot-Curie,,,,36,1936,"Victor Franz Hess,",Peter Debye,"Henry Hallett Dale,",Eugene ONeill,Carlos Saavedra Lamas,,,Carl David Anderson,,Otto Loewi,,,37,1937,"Clinton Joseph Davisson,","Walter Haworth,",Albert Szent-Gyrgyi,Roger Martin du Gard,Robert Cecil,,,George Thomson,Paul Karrer,,,,38,1938,Enrico Fermi,Richard Kuhn,Corneille Heymans,Pearl S. Buck,Mi?dzynarodowe Nansenowskie Biuro do spraw Uchod?cw,39,1939,Ernest Lawrence,"Adolf Butenandt,",Gerhard Domagk,Frans Eemil Sillanp,nie przyznano,,,,Leopold Rui?ka,,,,40,1940,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,41,1941,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,42,1942,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,nie przyznano,43,1943,Otto Stern,Gyrgy von Hevesy,"Henrik Dam,",nie przyznano,nie przyznano,,,,,Edward Adelbert Doisy,,,44,1944,Isidor Isaac Rabi,Otto Hahn,"Joseph Erlanger,",Johannes Jensen,Mi?dzynarodowy Komitet Czerwonego Krzy?a,,,,,Herbert Spencer Gasser,,,45,1945,Wolfgang Pauli,Artturi Ilmari Virtanen,"Alexander Fleming,",Gabriela Mistral,Cordell Hull,,,,,"Ernst Boris Chain,",,,,,,,Howard Walter Florey,,,46,1946,Percy Williams Bridgman,"James Batcheller Sumner,",Hermann Joseph Muller,Hermann Hesse,"Emily Greene Balch,",,,,"John Howard Northrop,",,,John Mott,,,,Wendell Meredith Stanley,,,,47,1947,Edward Victor Appleton,Robert Robinson,"Carl Cori,",Andr Gide,"Friends Service Council,",,,,,"Gerty Cori,",,American Friends Service Committee,,,,,Bernardo Houssay,,,48,1948,Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett,Arne Tiselius,Paul Hermann Mller,Thomas Stearns Eliot,nie przyznano,49,1949,Hideki Yukawa,William Francis Giauque,"Walter Rudolf Hess,",William Faulkner,John Boyd Orr,,,,,Egas Moniz,,,50,1950,Cecil Frank Powell,"Otto Diels,","Philip Showalter Hench,",Bertrand Russell,Ralph Bunche,,,,Kurt Alder,"Edward Calvin Kendall,",,,,,,,Tadeusz Reichstein,,,51,1951,"John Douglas Cockcroft,","Edwin Mattison McMillan,",Max Theiler,Pr Lagerkvist,Lon Jouhaux,,,Ernest Walton,Glenn Seaborg,,,,52,1952,"Felix Bloch,","Archer Martin,",Selman Waksman,Franois Mauriac,Albert Schweitzer,,,Edward Mills Purcell,Richard Laurence Millington Synge,,,,53,1953,Frits Zernike,Hermann Staudinger,"Hans Adolf Krebs,",Winston Churchill,George Marshall,,,,,Fritz Lipmann,,,54,1954,"Max Born,",Linus Pauling,"John Franklin Enders,",Ernest Hemingway,Wysoki Komisarz Narodw Zjednoczonych do spraw Uchod?cw,,,Walther Bothe,,"Frederick Chapman Robbins,",,,,,,,Thomas Huckle Weller,,,55,1955,"Willis Eugene Lamb,",Vincent du Vigneaud,Hugo Theorell,Halldr Kiljan Laxness,nie przyznano,,,Polykarp Kusch,,,,,56,1956,"John Bardeen,","Cyril Hinshelwood,","Andr Frdric Cournand,",Juan Ramn Jimnez,nie przyznano,,,"Walter Houser Brattain,",Niko?aj Siemionow,"Werner Formann,",,,,,William Shockley,,Dickinson W. Richards,,,57,1957,"Chen Ning Yang,",Alexander R. Todd,Daniel Bovet,Albert Camus,Lester Pearson,,,Tsung-Dao Lee,,,,,58,1958,"Pawie? Czerenkow,",Frederick Sanger,"George Wells Beadle,",Boris Pasternak,Georges Pire,,,"Ilja Frank,",,"Edward Lawrie Tatum,",,,,,Igor Tamm,,Joshua Lederberg,,,59,1959,"Emilio Segr,",Jaroslav Heyrovsk,"Arthur Kornberg,",Salvatore Quasimodo,Philip Noel-Baker,,,Owen Chamberlain,,Severo Ochoa de Albornoz,,,60,1960,Donald Arthur Glaser,Willard Libby,"Frank Macfarlane Burnet,",Saint-John Perse,Albert John Luthuli,,,,,Peter Medawar,,,61,1961,"Robert Hofstadter,",Melvin Calvin,Gyrgy Bksy,Ivo Andri?,Dag Hammarskjld,,,Rudolf Mbauer,,,,,62,1962,Lew Landau,"Max Perutz,","Francis Crick,",John Steinbeck,Linus Pauling,,,,John Kendrew,"James Watson,",,,,,,,Maurice Wilkins,,,63,1963,"Eugene Wigner,","Karl Ziegler,","John Carew Eccles,",Jorgos Seferis,Mi?dzynarodowy Ruch Czerwonego Krzy?a i Czerwonego P?ksi??yca,,,"Maria Gppert-Mayer,",Giulio Natta,"Alan Lloyd Hodgkin,",,,,,J. Hans D. Jensen,,Andrew Fielding Huxley,,,64,1964,"Charles Townes,",Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin,"Konrad Emil Bloch,",Jean-Paul Sartre,Martin Luther King,,,"Niko?aj Basow,",,Feodor Lynen,,,,,Aleksandr Prochorow,,,,,65,1965,"Shin'ichir? Tomonaga,",Robert Woodward,"Franois Jacob,",Michai? Szo?ochow,UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund),,,"Julian Schwinger,",,"Andr Michel Lwoff,",,,,,Richard Feynman,,Jacques Monod,,,66,1966,Alfred Kastler,Robert Mulliken,"Francis Peyton Rous,","Samuel Agnon,",nie przyznano,,,,,Charles Huggins,Nelly Sachs,,67,1967,Hans Bethe,"Manfred Eigen,","Ragnar Granit,",Miguel ngel Asturias,nie przyznano,,,,"Ronald Norrish,","Haldan Keffer Hartline,",,,,,,George Porter,George Wald,,,68,1968,Luis Walter Alvarez,Lars Onsager,"Robert William Holley,",Yasunari Kawabata,Ren Cassin,,,,,"Har Gobind Khorana,",,,,,,,Marshall Nirenberg,,,69,1969,Murray Gell-Mann,"Derek Barton,","Max Delbrck,",Samuel Beckett,Mi?dzynarodowa Organizacja Pracy,"Ragnar Frisch,",,,Odd Hassel,"Alfred Day Hershey,",,,Jan Tinbergen,,,,Salvador Luria,,,70,1970,"Hannes Alfvn,",Luis Federico Leloir,"Julius Axelrod,",Aleksandr So??enicyn,Norman Borlaug,Paul Samuelson,,Louis Nel,,"Ulf von Euler,",,,,,,,Bernard Katz,,,71,1971,Dennis Gabor,Gerhard Herzberg,Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr.,Pablo Neruda,Willy Brandt,Simon Kuznets72,1972,"John Bardeen,","Christian Boehmer Anfinsen,","Gerald Edelman,",Heinrich Bll,nie przyznano,"John Hicks,",,"Leon Cooper,","Stanford Moore,",Rodney Robert Porter,,,Kenneth Arrow,,John Robert Schrieffer,William Howard Stein,,,,73,1973,"Leo Esaki,","Ernst Fischer,","Karl von Frisch,",Patrick White,"Henry Kissinger,",Wassily Leontief,,"Ivar Giaever,",Geoffrey Wilkinson,"Konrad Lorenz,",,L ?c Th?,,,Brian David Josephson,,Nikolaas Tinbergen,,,74,1974,"Martin Ryle,",Paul Flory,"Albert Claude,","Eyvind Johnson,","Sen MacBride,","Gunnar Myrdal,",,Antony Hewish,,"Christian de Duve,",Harry Martinson,Eisaku Sat?,Friedrich Hayek,,,,George Emil Palade,,,75,1975,"Aage Niels Bohr,","John Warcup Cornforth,","David Baltimore,",Eugenio Montale,Andriej Sacharow,"Leonid Kantorowicz,",,"Benjamin Mottelson,",Vladimir Prelog,"Renato Dulbecco,",,,Tjalling Koopmans,,James Rainwater,,Howard Martin Temin,,,76,1976,"Burton Richter,",William Lipscomb,"Baruch Samuel Blumberg,",Saul Bellow,"Elisabeth (Betty) Williams,",Milton Friedman,,Samuel Ting,,Daniel Carleton Gajdusek,,Mairead Corrigan,77,1977,"Philip Warren Anderson,",Ilya Prigogine,"Roger Guillemin,",Vicente Aleixandre,Amnesty International,"Bertil Ohlin,",,"Nevill Francis Mott,",,"Andrew Schally,",,,James Meade,,John Hasbrouck van Vleck,,Rosalyn Yalow,,,78,1978,"Piotr Kapica,",Peter D. Mitchell,"Werner Arber,",Isaac Bashevis Singer,"Anwar as-Sadat,",Herbert Simon,,"Arno Penzias,",,"Daniel Nathans,",,Menachem Begin,,,Robert Woodrow Wilson,,Hamilton Othanel Smith,,,79,1979,"Sheldon Lee Glashow,","Herbert C. Brown,","Allan McLeod Cormack,",Odiseas Elitis,Matka Teresa,"Theodore Schultz,",,"Abdus Salam,",Georg Wittig,Godfrey N. Hounsfield,,,Arthur Lewis,,Steven Weinberg,,,,,80,1980,"James Cronin,","Paul Berg,","Baruj Benacerraf,",Czes?aw Mi?osz,Adolfo Prez Esquivel,Lawrence Klein,,Val Fitch,"Walter Gilbert,","Jean Dausset,",,,,,,Frederick Sanger,George Snell,,,81,1981,"Nicolaas Bloembergen,","Ken'ichi Fukui,","Roger Wolcott Sperry,",Elias Canetti,Wysoki Komisarz Narodw Zjednoczonych do spraw Uchod?cw,James Tobin,,"Arthur Leonard Schawlow,",Roald Hoffmann,"David Hubel,",,,,,Kai M. Siegbahn,,Torsten Wiesel,,,82,1982,Kenneth G. Wilson,Aaron Klug,"Sune Bergstrm,",Gabriel Garca Mrquez,"Alva Myrdal,",George Stigler,,,,"Bengt Samuelsson,",,Alfonso Robles,,,,,John Vane,,,83,1983,"Subramanyan Chandrasekhar,",Henry Taube,Barbara McClintock,William Golding,Lech Wa??sa,Grard Debreu,,William Fowler,,,,,84,1984,"Carlo Rubbia,",Robert Bruce Merrifield,"Niels K. Jerne,",Jaroslav Seifert,Desmond Tutu,Richard Stone,,Simon van der Meer,,"Georges J. F. Khler,",,,,,,,Csar Milstein,,,85,1985,Klaus von Klitzing,"Herbert Hauptman,","Michael Stuart Brown,",Claude Simon,Lekarze Przeciw Wojnie Nuklearnej,Franco Modigliani,,,Jerome Karle,Joseph L. Goldstein,,,86,1986,"Ernst Ruska,","Dudley Robert Herschbach,","Stanley Cohen,",Wole Soyinka,Elie Wiesel,James Buchanan,,"Gerd Binnig,","Yuan Lee,",Rita Levi-Montalcini,,,,,Heinrich Rohrer,John Polanyi,,,,87,1987,"Johannes Georg Bednorz,","Donald Cram,",Susumu Tonegawa,Iosif Brodski,scar Arias Snchez,Robert Solow,,Karl Alexander Mller,"Jean-Marie Lehn,",,,,,,,Charles Pedersen,,,,88,1988,"Leon Max Lederman,","Johann Deisenhofer,","James W. Black,",Nad?ib Mahfuz,United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces,Maurice Allais,,"Melvin Schwartz,","Robert Huber,","Gertrude Elion,",,,,,Jack Steinberger,Hartmut Michel,George H. Hitchings,,,89,1989,"Norman F. Ramsey,","Sidney Altman,","J. Michael Bishop,",Camilo Jos Cela,"Tenzin Gjaco, jako Dalajlama XIV",Trygve Haavelmo,,"Hans Georg Dehmelt,",Thomas Cech,Harold Varmus,,,,,Wolfgang Paul,,,,,90,1990,"Jerome I. Friedman,",Elias James Corey,"Joseph Murray,",Octavio Paz,Michai? Gorbaczow,"Harry Markowitz,",,"Henry Kendall,",,E. Donnall Thomas,,,"Merton Miller,",,Richard E. Taylor,,,,,William Sharpe91,1991,Pierre-Gilles de Gennes,Richard Ernst,"Erwin Neher,",Nadine Gordimer,Aung San Suu Kyi,Ronald Coase,,,,Bert Sakmann,,,92,1992,Georges Charpak,Rudolph Marcus,"Edmond H. Fischer,",Derek Walcott,Rigoberta Mench Tum,Gary Becker,,,,Edwin G. Krebs,,,93,1993,"Russell Alan Hulse,","Kary Mullis,","Richard J. Roberts,",Toni Morrison,"Nelson Mandela,","Robert Fogel,",,Joseph H. Taylor Jr,Michael Smith,Phillip Sharp,,Frederik Willem de Klerk,Douglass North94,1994,"Bertram Brockhouse,",George Olah,"Alfred Gilman,",Kenzabur? ?e,"Jasir Arafat,","John Harsanyi,",,Clifford Shull,,Martin Rodbell,,"Szimon Peres,","John Nash Jr,",,,,,,Icchak Rabin,Reinhard Selten95,1995,"Martin Perl,","Paul Crutzen,","Edward B. Lewis,",Seamus Heaney,"Jzef Rotblat,",Robert Lucas Jr,,Frederick Reines,"Mario Molina,","Christiane Nsslein-Volhard,",,Konferencja Pugwash w sprawie Nauki i Problemw ?wiatowych,,,,Frank Sherwood Rowland,Eric F. Wieschaus,,,96,1996,"David M. Lee,","Robert F. Curl Jr.,","Peter Doherty,",Wis?awa Szymborska,"Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo,","James Mirrlees,",,"Douglas D. Osheroff,","Harold Kroto,",Rolf Zinkernagel,,Jos Ramos-Horta,William Vickrey,,Robert C. Richardson,Richard Smalley,,,,97,1997,"Steven Chu,","Paul Boyer,",Stanley Prusiner,Dario Fo,"Mi?dzynarodowa Kampania na rzecz Zakazu Min Przeciwpiechotnych,","Robert C. Merton,",,"Claude Cohen-Tannoudji,","John Ernest Walker,",,,Jody Williams,Myron Scholes,,William D. Phillips,Jens Skou,,,,98,1998,"Robert B. Laughlin,","Walter Kohn,","Robert F. Furchgott,",Jos Saramago,"John Hume,",Amartya Sen,,"Horst Strmer,",John Pople,"Louis Ignarro,",,David Trimble,,,Daniel C. Tsui,,Ferid Murad,,,99,1999,"Gerardus 't Hooft,",Ahmed Zewail,Gnter Blobel,Gnter Grass,Lekarze bez Granic,Robert Mundell,,Martinus J.G. Veltman,,,,,100,2000,"?ores A?fiorow,","Alan Heeger,","Arvid Carlsson,",Gao Xingjian,Kim Dae-jung,"James Heckman,",,"Herbert Kroemer,","Alan MacDiarmid,","Paul Greengard,",,,Daniel McFadden,,Jack Kilby,Hideki Shirakawa,Eric Kandel,,,101,2001,"Eric Cornell,","William Knowles,","Leland H. Hartwell,",Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul,"United Nations,","George A. Akerlof,",,"Wolfgang Ketterle,","Ry?ji Noyori,","Timothy Hunt,",,Kofi Annan,"Michael Spence,",,Carl Wieman,Barry Sharpless,Paul Nurse,,,Joseph E. Stiglitz102,2002,"Raymond Davis,","John Fenn,","Sydney Brenner,",Imre Kertsz,Jimmy Carter,"Daniel Kahneman,",,"Masatoshi Koshiba,","K?ichi Tanaka,","Howard Robert Horvitz,",,,Vernon Smith,,Riccardo Giacconi,Kurt Wthrich,John Sulston,,,103,2003,"Aleksiej Abrikosow,","Peter Agre,","Paul Lauterbur,",John Maxwell Coetzee,Szirin Ebadi,"Robert Engle,",,"Witalij Ginzburg,",Roderick MacKinnon,Peter Mansfield,,,Clive Granger,,Anthony James Leggett,,,,,104,2004,"David Gross,","Aaron Ciechanover,","Richard Axel,",Elfriede Jelinek,Wangari Maathai,"Finn E. Kydland,",,"Hugh David Politzer,","Avram Hershko,",Linda B. Buck,,,Edward C. Prescott,,Frank Wilczek,Irwin Rose,,,,105,2005,"Roy Glauber,","Yves Chauvin,","Barry Marshall,",Harold Pinter,"Mi?dzynarodowa Agencja Energii Atomowej,","Robert Aumann,",,"John Hall,","Robert Grubbs,",Robin Warren,,Muhammad el-Baradei,Thomas Schelling,,Theodor Hnsch,Richard Schrock,,,,106,2006,"John C. Mather,",Roger Kornberg,"Andrew Z. Fire,",Orhan Pamuk,"Muhammad Yunus,",Edmund S. Phelps,,George F. Smoot,,Craig C. Mello,,Grameen Bank,107,2007,"Albert Fert,",Gerhard Ertl,"Mario Capecchi,",Doris Lessing,"Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,","Leonid Hurwicz,",,Peter Grnberg,,"Martin Evans,",,Al Gore,"Eric Maskin,",,,,Oliver Smithies,,,Roger Myerson108,2008,"Y?ichir? Nambu,","Osamu Shimomura,","Harald zur Hausen,",Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clzio,Martti Ahtisaari,Paul Krugman,,"Makoto Kobayashi,","Martin Chalfie,","Franoise Barr-Sinoussi,",,,,,Toshihide Maskawa,Roger Tsien,Luc Montagnier,,,109,2009,"Charles K. Kao,","Venkatraman Ramakrishnan,","Elizabeth Blackburn,",Herta Mller,Barack Obama,"Elinor Ostrom,",,"Willard S. Boyle,","Thomas Steitz,","Carol Greider,",,,Oliver Williamson,,George E. Smith,Ada Yonath,Jack W. Szostak,,,110,2010,"Andriej Gejm,","Richard Heck,",Robert Edwards,Mario Vargas Llosa,Liu Xiaobo,"Peter Diamond,",,Konstantin Nowosio?ow,"Ei'ichi Negishi,",,,,"Dale Mortensen,",,,Akira Suzuki,,,,Christopher Pissarides111,2011,"Saul Perlmutter,",Dan Szechtman,"Bruce Beutler,",Tomas Transtrmer,"Leymah Gbowee,","Thomas Sargent,",,"Adam Riess,",,"Jules Hoffmann,",,"Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf,",Christopher Sims,,Brian Schmidt,,Ralph Steinman,,Tawakkul Karman,112,2012,"Serge Haroche,","Robert Lefkowitz,","John Gurdon,",Mo Yan,Unia Europejska,"Lloyd Shapley,",,David Wineland,Brian Kobilka,Shin'ya Yamanaka,,,Alvin E. Roth113,2013,"Peter Higgs,","Martin Karplus,","James Rothman,",Alice Munro,Organizacja ds. Zakazu Broni Chemicznej,"Eugene Fama,",,Franois Englert,"Michael Levitt,","Randy Schekman,",,,"Lars Peter Hansen,",,,Arieh Warshel,Thomas Sdhof,,,Robert J. Shiller,,,,,,,"Inne formaty, wizyta : www.downloadexcelfiles.com",,,,,,,,,,,,,,Oryginalne ?rd?o,,,,,,,