List of famous Monuments in India


Here is the list of 53 Famous Historical Monuments of India. India is one of the most beautiful countries in the world and is best known for its colourful culture and fascinating heritage. Indian monuments were primarily built under the regime of Rajputana, Dravidian and Mughal emperors. The monuments of India are speaking stones of the glory of its rulers and the brilliance of artisans in ancient India. . Due to the incredible beauty of India and the constant efforts of the government in maintaining the heritage sites, India tourism has increase in the number of travellers from all around the world.

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List of famous Monuments in India  ,,,,S.No,Name,Location,Date of Built,Discription 1,Agra Fort,"Agra,Uttar Pradesh",16th century,"The Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort of Agra, represents Mughal opulence and power as the center piece of their empire. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982, under Category iii as a cultural monument. The fortress is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River, built in red sandstone, covering a length of 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi). It is surrounded by a moat which encloses several palaces, towers, and mosques."2,Bahai Temple,New Delhi,1986,"In the heart of New Delhi, the bustling capital of India, a lotus-shaped outline has etched itself on the consciousness of the city's inhabitants, capturing their imagination, fuelling their curiosity, and revolutionising the concept of worship. This is the Bah' Mashriqu'l-Adhkar, better known as the ""Lotus Temple"". With the dawning of every new day, an ever-rising tide of visitors surges to its doorsteps to savour its beauty and bask in its serenely spiritual atmosphere."3,Brhadisvara Temple - Thanjavur,"Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu ",985-1012 A.D.,"The Brhadisvara temple is a monument dedicated to Siva, and he named lord as Rajarajesvaram-udayar after himself. The temple is constructed of granite, mostly of large blocks, a rock that is not available in the neighbourhood and had therefore to be brought from a distance. The temple is within a spacious inner prakara of 240.90 m long (east-west) and 122m broad (north-south), with a gopura at the east and three other ordinary torana entrances one at each lateral sides and the third at rear. The prakara is surrounded by a double-storeyed malika with parivaralayas."4,Dilwara Temples ,"Mount Abu,Rajasthan",11th and 13th centuries A.D,"Wondrously carved in marble, the Dilwara Jain temples in Mount Abu (Rajasthan) enshrine various Jain 'Tirthankaras'. Constructed out of white marble from Arasoori Hill, near Ambaji, 23 km from Abu Road, the temples are an outstanding example of Jain temple architecture."5,Chola Temples,Tamil Nadu,11th and 12th century,"Situated in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, this World Heritage site comprises the three great 11th and 12th century Chola Temples: the Brihadisvara temples of Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholisvaram, and the Airatesvara temple at Darasuram. The three Chola temples in India are exemplary production in the Dravidian style of temple architecture."6,Fatehpur Sikri,"Agra, Uttar Pradesh",15561605,"The royal city at Fatehpur Sikri, situated 26 miles west of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, was built under the orders of the great Mughal Emperor Akbar. In honour of saint Shaikh Salim Chisti, Akbar founded a magnificent city on Sikri ridge. In 1571, he ordered the construction of buildings for his own use and asked the noblemen to build houses for themselves."7,Golconda Fort,Andhra Pradesh,13th century,"Considered one of India's most outstanding citadels, the Golconda fort epitomises the sumptuous 'Nawabi' culture of the time. ""Shepherd's Hill"" or ""Golla Konda"", as it was popularly known in Telugu, has an interesting story behind it. One day, a shepherd boy came across an idol on the rocky hill, which was called Mangalavaram. The news was conveyed to the ruling Kakatiya king. The king got a mud fort constructed around the holy spot and his descendents continued to follow this trend."8,Gwalior fort,"Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh,","15th century and 16th century","Gwalior Fort (Gwliiyar Qila) is a hill fort near Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India. The fort has existed at least since the 10th century, and the inscriptions and monuments found within what is now the fort campus indicate that it may have existed as early as the beginning of the 6th century. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers in its history."9,Hawa Mahal,"Jaipur,Rajasthan",1799 A.D.,"aipur's signature building, the Hawa Mahal, a multi layered palace, was built by Sawai Pratap Singh (grand son of Sawai Jai Singh and son of Sawai Madhoo Singh) in 1799 A.D. and Mr. Lal Chand Usta was the architect. Famous for it's beehive like structure, the Hawa Mahal is an interplay of red and pink sand stone, carefully and painstakingly outlined with white borders and motifs"10,Jaisalmer Fort,"Jaisalmer, Rajasthan","1,156","Jaisalmer Fort was built in 1156 and is the second oldest in the state of Rajasthan. Two hundred and fifty feet tall and reinforced by an imposing crenellated sandstone wall 30 feet high, the fort has 99 bastion, 92 of which were built between 1633 and 1647."11,Kamakhya Temple,"Assam,Guwahati ",8th-17th century,"The Kamakhya Temple, which is situated high aloft a hill called Neelachal Parbat or Kamagiri in the city of Guwahati is one of its several religious landmarks, which speaks volumes about the rich historical treasure over which the state of Assam is seated. This sacred temple in the heart of the capital city of Assam holds more than it meets the eye of the onlooker. "12,Humayun's Tomb,Delhi,"1,570","Humayun's tomb in the capital Delhi is a fine specimen of the great Mughal architecture. Built in 1570, the tomb is of particular cultural significance as it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent."13,Meenakshi Temple,"Madurai,Tamil Nadu",1190-1216 CE,"The ancient city of Madurai, more than 2,500 years old, was built by the Pandyan king, Kulashekarar, in the 6th century B.C. But the reign of the Nayaks marks the golden period of Madurai when art, architecture and learning flourished expansively."14,Nalanda,"Nalanda,Bihar",5th century AD,"Nalanda, founded in the 5th century AD, is famous as the ancient seat of learning. The ruins of the world's most ancient university lies here which is 62 km from Bodhgaya and 90 km south of Patna. Though the Buddha visited Nalanda several times during his lifetime, this famous center of Buddhist learning shot to fame much later, during 5th-12th centuries."15,Rashtrapati Bhavan,New Delhi,"1,929","Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of India, is an imposing edifice located at the west end of the Rajpath in New Delhi with the India gate at the opposite end."16,Se Cathedral,Goa ,"1,619","The Cathedral was commissioned by the Portuguese Viceroy, Redondo to be ""a grandiose church worthy of the wealth, power and fame of the Portuguese who dominated the seas from the Atlantic to the Pacific"". The construction of this imposing edifice began in 1562 during the reign of King Dom Sebastio (1557-78) and substantially completed by 1619. It was consecrated in 1640."17,Sun Temple,Konark,A.D. 1250,"The temple declared a world heritage by UNESCO was built in A.D. 1250, during the reign of the Eastern Ganga King Narasimhadeva-I (A.D. 1238-64). There are two rows of 12 wheels on each side of the Konark sun temple."18,Ajanta Caves,Maharashtra,"2nd century BC to the 6th century","The Ajanta Caves are Buddhists caves built in two phases. The first, was from the reign of Emperor Ashoka. The second, further additions were made during the 5th and 6th centuries AD of the Gupta period."19,Ellora Caves,Maharashtra,600 to 1000 AD,"The Ellora Caves, also known as the Ellora Complex, are a cultural mix of religious arts of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism."20,The Bara Imambara,"Lucknow,Uttar Pradesh","1,784","Bara Imambara, also known as Asfi Mosque is an imambara complex in Lucknow, India built by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh in 1784."21,Charminar,"Hyderabad, Telangana","1,594","he Charminar is a massive arch built by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah, in 1591 to commemorate the end of the plague in the city. The symbol of the city, the Charminar, is an impressive square monument with four minarets. "22,Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi,Sanchi,"3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D.","Sanchi, also known as Kakanaya, Kakanava, Kakanadabota and Bota-Sriparvata in ancient times is situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is a religious place with historical and archaeological significance. Sanchi is famous in the world for stupas, monolithic Asokan pillar, temples, monasteries and sculptural wealth dating from 3rd century B.C. to 12th century A.D."23,Churches and Convents of Goa,Goa,16th Century,"The Southern Indian State, Goa has some world famous churches and convents, particularly the Church of Bom Jesus, which contains the tomb of St. Francis-Xavier and Se' Cathedral."24,Gateway of India,"Mumbai,Maharashtra",4 December 1924,"The Gateway of India is synonymous with Mumbai. It is the most famous monument of Mumbai and is the starting point for most tourists who want to explore the city. Gateway of India is a great historical monument built during the British rule in the country."25,Golden Temple(Sri Harimandir Sahib ),"Amritsar,Punjab",August 1604,"Sri Harimandir Sahib (The ""Golden Temple"") in Amritsar, Punjab, is the holiest shrine in Sikhism."26,Group of Monuments at Pattadakal,Karnataka,7th and 8th centuries,"Situated in the southern State of Karnataka, Pattadakal group of monuments are famous for their harmonious blend of architectural forms of northern and southern India. Pattadakal, the capital of the Chalukya dynasty of medieval India, is 22 km away from Badami and 514 km from Bangalore."27,The Hill Palace Museum,"Thripunithura ,Kerala","1,865","The Hill Palace, the official residence of the Kochi royal family, is today the largest archaeological museum in Kerala. Built in 1865, the palace complex consists of 49 buildings in the traditional architectural style of Kerala, sprawled over 52 acres of beautifully landscaped terraced land which houses a deer park and facilities for horse riding."28,Jama Masjid,Delhi,"1,656","Jama Masjid (the mosque of Friday), Delhi is the country's largest and perhaps its most magnificent mosque. It stands across the road from Red Fort. The great mosque of Old Delhi is the final architectural extravagance of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan with a courtyard capable of holding 25,000 devotees. "29,Kashi Vishwanath Temple,"Varanasi,uttar pradesh ","1,780","Varanasi, also known as Benaras and Kashi, is a major city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Situated on the banks of the holy river Ganga, the city has great religious significance for the Hindus. Varanasi is home to Kashi Vishwanath Temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva."30,Khajuraho Group of Monuments,"Khajuraho,Madhya Pradesh",950 AD to 1050 AD,"Khajuraho, the ancient Kharjjuravahaka, is located in the State of Madhya Pradesh and was the principal seat of authority of the Chandella rulers who adorned it with numerous tanks, scores of lofty temples of sculptural grace and architectural splendour."31,Mehrangarh Fort,Rajasthan,1459 A.D.,"Mehrangarh fort is about 5km from Jodhpur Town in Rajasthan. Guarding the city below, crowning a perpendicular cliff, the fort was founded by Rao Jodha in 1459 A.D. "32,Purana Quila (Old Fort),Delhi,16th century CE,"Purana Quila in Delhi has been built on a small hill standing on the banks of river Yamuna with its massive rubble wall and imposing gateway houses. The structure houses a mosque, which has a double storied octagonal tower."33,"Red Fort, Delhi",Delhi,"1,648","Delhi's famous Red Fort is known by that name because of the red stone with which it is built and it is one of the most magnificent palaces in the world. India's history is also closely linked with this fort."34,Sheesh Mahal,"Patiala ,Punjab",1845-1862,"The Sheesh Mahal or the 'Palace of Mirrors' in Patiala (Punjab) was built by Maharaja Narinder Singh (1845-1862) behind the main Moti Bagh Palace. The Palace was built in a forest with terraces, gardens, fountains and an artificial lake. "35,Taj Mahal,"Agra , Uttar Pradesh",17th century,"Sheer poetry in marble. Majesty and magnificence, unrivalled, the Taj Mahal is the only one of its kind across the world. The monumental labour of love of a great ruler for his beloved queen. The ultimate realisation of Emperor Shahjahan's dream. "36,Amer Fort,"Amer, Rajasthan,",967 CE.,"Amer Fort or Amber Fort is a fort located in Amer, Rajasthan, India. Amer is a town with an area of 4 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi) located 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. "37,Basilica of Bom Jesus,Goa ,6th and 18th centuries,"10 km east of Panaji, along the Mandovi river, is the town of Old Goa, where lie some of Indias greatest churches and among them, the most popular and the most revered by Christians worldwide is the Basilica of Bom Jesus. The Basilica, dedicated to Infant Jesus, has been declared a World Heritage Monument now. 'Bom Jesus' means 'Infant Jesus' or 'Good Jesus'."38,City Palace,Udaipur,"1,568","Udaipur, the city of lakes, is known as the Venice of the east. Maharana Udai Singh II founded Udaipur in 1568 after his citadel Chittorgarh was sacked by Mughal Emperor Akbar. T"39,Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus,"Mumbai, Maharashtra",18871888,"The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a historic railway station in Mumbai, which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India, and serves Central Railway trains terminating in Mumbai as well as the Mumbai Suburban Railway."40,Elephanta Caves,Maharashtra,5th to 8th centuries,"The Elephanta Caves are a network of sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally ""the city of caves"") in Mumbai Harbour, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the east of the city of Mumbai."41,Gingee Fort,Tamil Nadu,1st century,"Gingee in Puducherry is one of the finest forts in South India. Its origin dates back to the 9th century when it was a stronghold of the Cholas but the fort as it looks today is the handiwork of the Vijaynagara kings who made it an impregnable citadel."42,"Group of Monuments at Hampi","Ballari district, Karnataka",14th and 16th centuries,"The Group of Monuments at Hampi comprise a sombre but ostentatious Hampi town, on the banks of the river Tungabhadra in Karnataka. Hampi subsumes the ruins of Vijayanagara, which was the former capital of the powerful Vijayanagara Empire. Dravidian temples and palaces abound in Hampi."43,"Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram","Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu",7th and 8th centuries,"The Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, in Tamil Nadu, about 58 km (36 mi) from Chennai, were built by the Pallava kings in the 7th and 8th centuries. "44,India Gate,Delhi,10 February 1921,"Situated at the banks of Yamuna river, Delhi, the capital of India, is a vibrant modern city with an ancient and eventful history. The city with its multi-faceted culture can aptly said to be a microcosm of the whole nation."45,Jantar Mantar,Delhi,1724,"At first sight, the Jantar Mantar appears like a gallery of modern art. It is, however, an observatory."46,The Jantar Mantar,"Jaipur, Rajasthan",1727 and 1734,"The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja (King) Jai Singh II at his then new capital of Jaipur between 1727 and 1734. It is modelled after the one that he had built at the Mughal capital of Delhi."47,Kye Monastery,"Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh",11th century,"Kye Monastery is situated 12 kms. north of Kaza and serves the western population of Spiti in the Lahaul & Spiti District of Himachal Pradesh."48,"Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya",Bihar,"3rd century BC, 5th and 6th century AD and 19th century","The Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (Buddha Gaya), spread over an area of 4.86 hectares (12.0 acres) was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List i as a unique property of cultural and archaeological importance."49,The Mysore Palace,"Mysore , Karnataka",1912,"Mysore is one of the major cities in the South Indian state of Karnataka. Till independence it was the capital city of Wodeyars, the erstwhile Maharajas of Mysore. At a distance of 140 kms from Bangalore, Mysore has always enchanted tourists and visitors with its magnificent palaces, beautiful gardens and rich cultural heritage."50,Qutub Minar,Delhi,13th century,"Qutub-Minar in red and buff sandstone is the highest tower in India.Built in the 13th century, the magnificent tower stands in the capital, Delhi. It has a diameter of 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m on the top with a height of 72.5m. It is an architectural marvel of ancient India."51,Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka,Madhya Pradesh,"30,000 years","The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, a recognized world heritage site by UNESCO, are in the foothills of the Vindhyan Mountains on the southern edge of the central Indian plateau in the State of Madhya Pradesh. Bhimbetka is also known as Bhima's Lounge (Bhima was the second of the five Pandava princes in the Hindu epic Mahabharata)."52,Sikandra Fort(Akbar's tomb),"Agra, Uttar Pradesh",16051613,"Sikandra, located only 13 km. from the Agra Fort is the last resting place of the Mughal emperor Akbar. "53,Victoria Memorial,"Kolkata, West Bengal",1906 and 1921,"Victoria Memorial is one of the famous and beautiful monuments of Kolkata. It was built between 1906 and 1921 to commemorate Queen Victoria's 25-year reign in India.""For more information, kindly visit :",,,,